Kyoto University Center for Applied Philosophy & Ethics応用哲学・倫理学教育研究センター

Chun-Ying WANG 汪純瑩

MEPO Humanity Technology, Inc. / National Chengchi University / Kyoto University



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Kyoto University

汪純瑩 Gustav Chun-Ying WANG

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Chun-Ying Wang developed his interest in Kant's philosophy early in his high-school years. He planned to study Kant as a key to the western philosophy and in return as a methodological path back to the philosophy of his own culture, particularly Daoism (Taoism) and Buddhism. He began with Kant's aesthetics because of his beautiful experience in high-school wind ensemble and orchestra, as the French horn player and the conductor, and extended his interest to Kant's critical philosophy as a whole during his college and graduate years. He wrote his master thesis with a German scholar Professor Dr. Dr. Christian Helmut Wenzel (presently Distinguished Professor at National Taiwan University - Philosophy). The thesis title is: Imagination in Kant. It deals with the relationship between the faculty of rules and logic, understanding, and the faculty forming sensible experience, imagination, in Kant. On the one hand, he uses Kant's theory of aesthetic ideas and genius to present the creative employment of imagination as a counterpart of the more widely noticed appreciative employment of the faculty, attempting to bring forth more systematic meanings of Kant's theory of free play in the context of the whole critical philosophy. On the other hand, he presents a theory of three modes of imagination's association (three different kinds of cooperation between the two faculties) based upon Kant's theory. The three modes correspond to three kinds of judgment, namely, (1) cognitive judgment, (2) cosmological/moral judgment and (3) aesthetic judgment. These three kinds of association also correspond to three different mental states/layers: (1) particularly determined cognition (the consciousness of a particular object), (2) universally determined cognition (the consciousness of belonging to the kingdom of nature or the kingdom of ends, in which the particular determined object is cognized or willed) and (3) the cognition in general (Erkenntnis überhaupt; the consciousness of itself in freedom). He argues, each former state/layer takes (not in temporal causal relation) its next as its conditional basis.

Distinguished Professor Chen-kuo Lin (National Chengchi University)'s long-term NSC Talent Cultivation Projects “ Buddhist Epistemology (2007 – 2008)” and “Indian Buddhist Thought in 6th-7th Century China (2009 – 2013)” led him into the field of Buddhist studies, particularly the field of Dignāga's logic and epistemology. In his PhD program, continuing his study in Kant's critical philosophy, he got himself acquainted with the disciplines of Madyhamaka philosophy (Nāgārjuna) and Yogacārā epistemology (Dignāga's pramāṇavada and hetuvidyā). His ultimate concerns with the materials both from the east and the west center on the issues of self-awareness, freedom, and the relation between the immediate (sensible) and mediate (logical/conceptual) faculty of cognition. His initial problematic putting Dignāga and Kant together, beside of following the issues his predecessors such as Master Yinshun 印順導師, Zongsan Mo牟宗三, Stcherbatsky, Murti, and Roberto Pinheior Machado (2008), have brought forth, is that: to identify whether there is a systematic flaw in Kant by enquiring whether the challenges against Dignāga raised by the later Madhyamaka thinkers, such as Candrakīrti, could succeed. For he believes, the philosophical position of Kant's transcendental idealism is exactly the position of Madhyamaka, while Kant's approach to establish the philosophical position is what Dignāga chooses. If epistemology in the end is proved to be insufficient to support the philosophical view that rejects any cognition-free existence, the same predicament may also fall in front of Kant's face.

He has graduated from the PhD program in philosophy in 2017 at National Chengchi University under the supervision of Distinguished Professor Chen-kuo Lin. His dissertation title is: Transcendental Logic and Spiritual Development in Dignāga's and Kant's Critical Epistemology (summary He deals with a common interpretation controversy in the commentary literature of Dignāga and that of Kant – the subtle disagreement understanding the epistemological terms with or without the attribution of any ontological value. He believes, the radical understanding (without attributing any ontological value) of the two epistemic systems can better help sustain the systems themselves, not only because the removal of the ontological attributes to the epistemological terms can help resolve several obvious interpretative problems in the commentary history, but also because this even allows for their better fitness to their practical purposes – morality (the up-lifting and distinctive position of self-awareness from the cognized subjects – empirical self and psychological self) and freedom (autonomous state as not being conditioned by the experience at all and beginning a new causal series).

In this decade, Chun-Ying Wang also devoted himself to the interdisciplinary research in collaboration with computer science. He started a company, as one profit-oriented social enterprise, MEPO Humanity Technology, Inc., with one of his high-school friends in 2008 winter, a CS PhD student in academic suspension at University of Illinois at Urbana, Champaign, the U.S. The team particularly worked on information retrieval and search technology, artificial intelligence, innovating web services and the interlayer structure communicating programs and visual effects (particularly for web communications and strategic communications). The team worked for the Division of International Cooperation, National Science Council, Taiwan between January 1, 2009 and December 31, 2012. The team began to work for the General Political Warfare Bureau, Ministry of National Defense, Taiwan since 2009 spring. From 2012 on, the team also provided services for the ministry's Office of Adjutants General and the ministry's Military News Agency. The team's service for the ministry's another press unit Youth Daily News started since 2013 summer.  The team begins to provide service for Bank of Taiwan since 2015 July. 



Philosophy of Kant, Indian/Chinese Buddhist Epistemology (and Logic), Philosophy of Mind, Aesthetics, Computer Science


PhD Program in Philosophy, National Chengchi University, July 2008 ~ June 2017 (Dissertation Title: Transcendental Logic and Spiritual Development in Dignāga's and Kant's Critical Epistemology, in progress, supervised by Professor Dr. Chen-kuo Lin, written in English) 

M.A. in Foreign Languages and Literature, National Chi-Nan University, July 2002 ~ June 2004 (Degree Thesis: Imagination in Kant, supervised by Professor Dr. Dr. Christian Helmut Wenzel, written in English)

B.A. in Foreign Languages and Literature, National Chi-Nan University, July 1998 ~ June 2002

Provincial (National) Taichung First Senior High School, July 1995~ June 1998


  • Outstanding Alumnus of National Chi Nan University in 2019
  • Khyentse Foundation Award for Excellence in Buddhist Studies 2016
  • Editorial Board Member of Youth Daily (2016 October ~ )
  • Researcher at Center for Applied Philosophy and Ethics, Kyoto University (2014 May ~ )
  • Founding Member of KICAS (Kyoto International Consortium for Asian Studies)
  • Member of the Phi Tau Phi Scholastic Society, R. O. C.


Doctoral Dissertation:

Transcendental Logic and Spiritual Development in Dignāga's and Kant's Critical Epistemology, in progress, National Chengchi University, 2017. Supervised by Professor Dr. Chen-kuo Lin. (English)

Master Thesis: 

Imagination in Kant. National Chi-Nan University, 2004. Supervised by Professor Christian Helmut Wenzel. (English) 

Conference Paper: 

[2] “Self-knowledge of Self-Awareness and the Interpretation Discrepancies among Dignāga's Commentators,” in Proceedings of the 2012 Peking University PhD Students Forum on Chinese Philosophy and Religion, Department of Philosophy, and of Religious Studies, Peking University. Beijing: 2012.4.19. (Chinese) 

[1] “ Between the Indeterminate and the Determined: from the Viewpoints of Dignāga and Kant,” in Proceedings of the Conference of Buddhist Epistemology 2009, NSC Talent Cultivation Project: Indian Thought in 6th-7th Century China 2009. Taipei, 2009.12.19. (English) 


[4] " Does Freedom Contradict Causal Exhaustion? – A Critical-Epistemological Resolution," 2015 KU-NCCU Graduate Workshop on Asian Philosophy. Taipei: 2015 March. (English)

[3] " From 4 Pramāṇa-s to 2 Pramāṇa-s. How Does Dignāga's “Combination Argument” Work in PS(V) 1.2-3?," the 17th Conference of International Association of Buddhist Studies (IABS XVII), IABS. Vienna: 2014 August. (English)

[2] " The Missing/Mysterious Dimension: the Significance of the Ultimate in Buddhist Epistemology and the Transcendental in Kant," in the First Chengchi-Kyoto Joint Workshop on Buddhist Analytic Philosophy. Taipei: 2013.2.18. (English)

[2b] " The Missing/Mysterious Dimension: the Significance of the Ultimate in Buddhist Epistemology and the Transcendental in Kant," in Kyoto University Asia Studies Unit (KUASU) Professor Graham Priest Lecture Series "Introduction to Analytic Asian Philosophy II". Kyoto: 2013.11.17. (English) 

[1] " An Essay Establishing Critical Epistemology – Following Dignāga and Kant,” in the 16th Conference of International Association of Buddhist Studies (IABS XVI), IABS. New Taipei: 2011 June. (English) 

Invited Lecture: 

[2] "Causality and Freedom in Kant and Philosophy of Buddhism," for Taiwan Philosophy of Education Society, University of Taipei. Taipei, 2017.10.14. (Chinese) (pdf)

[1] “Kant's Aesthetics: Create a Beautiful Life! Aesthetics, Artistic Creation and Career Planning,” for College of Planning and Design, China University of Technology. Hsinchu County, 2012.11.30. (Chinese) ( album


Visiting Assistant Professor, Department of Philosophy, Tung Hai University, Taiwan (2018 August ~ 2019 July)

Researcher at Center for Applied Philosophy and Ethics, Kyoto University (2014 May ~ )

Founder, MEPO Humanity Technology Inc., Taiwan (2008/10~) 

  . Preventive Medicine Systems

[1] Members Online Services System of Taiwan Thalassemia Association (2017 ~)

  . Bank of Taiwan

      [1]  Exchange Rates and Interest Rates Service (2015~) 

 [2] Source code upgrade, BOT Multi-Cities Parking Fee Collection System (2017)

 .  Taiwan-Asia Exchange Foundation (2018~) 

.Ministry of National Defense, Taiwan: 

[1] General Political Warfare Bureau, “Military Strategic Communications Management System,” military line, confidential (2013~)

[2] General Political Warfare Bureau's Psychology Operations Division, “All-out Defense Course Application System,” construction and maintenance (2013~) 

[3] Headquarters, “ Military News Agency Online Press Service Platform,” construction and maintenance (2012~) 

[4] Office of Adjutants General, annual event website construction and maintenance (2012~) 

[5] General Political Warfare Bureau's Psychology Operations Division, annual event website construction and maintenance (2009~; joint annual press conference, 2011~) 

[6] Headquarters, Youth Daily News Realtime News Module, dual-line service (public/military line) (2013 ~ ) 

[7] Office of All-Out Defense Education, Political Warfare Bureau, World Wide Web of All-Out Defense Education (2013 ~ ) 

[8] Department of Resources Planning, Military Property Management Information System (2017 ~)

.Ministry of Science and Technology (formerly National Science Council), Taiwan: 

NSC International Cooperation Sci-Tech Newsbrief Project (2009/01~2012/12) -Project Manager, Site (Bilingual, Chinese and English) Editor, and Columnist of “Sci-tech Taiwan”

.Taipei Astronomical Museum, Taiwan: 

“Virtual Astronomical Museum,” construction (2012 Spring) -Project Manager 

Executive Assistant to Manager-General, SMS Intelligence International Co., Taiwan (2007/09~2008/05) 

.Complete Car Agency Representative Case: 10-year Contract between SAIC Motor (China) and Proton Motor (Malaysia) 

.Car electronics (European Representative) 

.Ore and oil trading between China and Australia 

Experience suspension due to family catastrophe (2006/10~2007/09)

Computer Solider, (military service) 269R5BHQ, National Army, Taiwan (2004/10~2006/12) 

Database Maintainer 

System Maintainer 

Free Translator, (1999/6~2004/6)

.Document of Missionary Anna Begemann, Founder of Taiwan Aboriginal Girls' Bethel Bible School (1959-2000). (German)

.Document of Missionary Joyce McMillan, Founder of Erlin Happy Christian Home. (English)

English & French Tutor; Volunteer English Teacher in Aboriginal Tribes (Puli and Renai Township, Nantou County, Taiwan 1999/6~2004/6)


Fluent in Chinese, Taiwanese, English, Reading German and French Yi-Jing 《易經》 


Conductor and French Horn Chair, Wind Ensemble of National Taichung First Senior High School, Taiwan, 1996-1998.

French Horn Chair, Rising Star Orchestra, the City Orchestra of Taichung City, Taiwan 1996-1997.


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